Putting the ‘oid’ in Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Cannabinoids

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The ‘oid’ in terpenoids, flavonoids, and cannabinoids has deliberate meaning that imparts specific scientific information about the phytochemical in question. Learning what this ‘oid’ ending means can help to automatically determine several details about a molecule. In most cases, flavonoids and cannabinoids will naturally end in ‘oid,’ but the terpene family of hydrocarbons often don’t and have clear distinctions between terpenes and terpenoids. The details below will explain not only why this distinction occurs, but also how to use this information to make determinations about a particular constituent in cannabis. Continue reading “Putting the ‘oid’ in Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Cannabinoids”

GIFs – Top Ten Flavonoids in Cannabis (Molecules)

This post features GIFs of the Top 10 Flavonoids in Cannabis, showing the entire rotating molecule of each.  This ranking of the top 10 flavonoids in cannabis is based on laboratory tests of various strains, and is arranged by concentration from primary to secondary flavonoid constituents. These include flavonoids found in many plants around the world, as well as three flavonoids – the cannflavins – that to date have only been found in cannabis. Continue reading “GIFs – Top Ten Flavonoids in Cannabis (Molecules)”

Microorganisms Trained to Poop Terpenes

Scientists have “trained” some microorganisms to poop terpenes, including many of the most common terpenes normally found in cannabis.  These microorganisms include bacteria, fungi, algae, and even cutworm larvae, but E. coli is the champion of biotransformation, with scientists engineering these common bacteria to produce several different monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes as “waste” products.  However, although this may sound weird and surprising to some, this isn’t a new technology; researchers have been working on these projects for decades. Continue reading “Microorganisms Trained to Poop Terpenes”

Terpenes: The Most-Spoken Language in the World

Move over, English; Terpenes are by far the world’s biggest communication medium.  Used by plants, insects, fungi, and bacteria to communicate and interact with the world, terpenes are a type of language that can be easily understood across species and kingdoms.  In fact, if you were to lump all the man-made languages of earth together, the language of terpenes would still dwarf this collection.  The following article is an excerpt from The Big Book of Terps, by Russ Hudson Continue reading “Terpenes: The Most-Spoken Language in the World”

Terpene-Powered Cars on the Horizon

A growing body of research indicates that the fuel of the future may be terpenes.  Already tested in internal and external combustion engines, turbocharged engines, as jet fuel, and as octane boosters, a group of 7 terpenes – all of which are common in cannabis – have shown real promise that petroleum-based fuels could eventually be replaced by these natural, renewable compounds.  This article supports the idea that, one day soon, we might burn more terpenes in our cars than we do in our bongs.  Continue reading “Terpene-Powered Cars on the Horizon”

Terpenes Preserved for Millions of Years in Underwater Wood

In a natural testament to the stability of some terpenes, scientists have yielded a monoterpenoid and a sesquiterpene from ancient conifer trees that had been submerged for millions of years.  Both of these terpenes were found in unaltered condition, although tests showed that other, more volatile monoterpenes did not fare as well in the anerobic underwater environment. Continue reading “Terpenes Preserved for Millions of Years in Underwater Wood”

Debunking Merry Jane’s Flavonoid Article

Recently, an article in Merry Jane titled “Flavonoid Found in Rare Jamaican Weed Strain Could Treat Pancreatic Cancer” was shared worldwide.  Unfortunately, although the information in this piece is misleading, it has been disseminated and swallowed without questioning by the cannabis and related industries.  In this article, Chris Moore writes for Merry Jane that; Continue reading “Debunking Merry Jane’s Flavonoid Article”

Standard Bias in Cannabis Laboratory Test Results

Standard bias exists at most cannabis testing laboratories, potentially skewing our knowledge of the terpene and flavonoid profiles of various cannabis strains.  Although it will be obvious in hindsight when explained, most people in the cannabis industry don’t consider laboratory standard bias when they send in samples for testing.  This is important information, so if you’re not familiar with standard bias, it works like this: Continue reading “Standard Bias in Cannabis Laboratory Test Results”