7 Ways to Manipulate Cannabis Terpene Content

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There are 7 primary ways to manipulate the terpene content of cannabis. These methods involve manipulation of terpene content prior to drying and curing, whereafter only preservation is possible. These brief descriptions are based on a supplemental chapter in The Big Book of Terps titled “Manipulating Cannabis for Phytochemical Content,” which begins at page 556. Continue reading “7 Ways to Manipulate Cannabis Terpene Content”

Arguments Against the Entourage Effect and Synergy

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Some scientists claim that the entourage effect and synergy are not valid concepts, and have not been sufficiently proven to occur in a predictable manner, particularly not in cannabis. In this video, Russ Hudson presents the arguments against synergy and the entourage effect, reading directly from the Synergy chapter of The Big Book of Terps, which focuses on the evidence for synergy that exists between terpenes, flavonoids, and many other chemical compounds. Continue reading “Arguments Against the Entourage Effect and Synergy”

Cannabinoids in Plants Other than Cannabis

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This video discusses non-cannabis plants that produce cannabinoids. Nearly all of the classic and lesser cannabinoids are known to occur in other plants, with the exception of THC. Plants use cannabinoids – which belong to several different classes of terpenes – for a variety of different purposes. Russ Hudson discusses and reads directly from the Cannabinoids 101 chapter of The Big Book of Terps. Continue reading “Cannabinoids in Plants Other than Cannabis”

Allelopathic Terpenes and Terpenoids

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Allelopathic terpenes are those produced by a plant that affect the germination, growth, propagation, and survival of cohabitant plants. In effect, these are the terpenes of plant chemical warfare. Terpenes and terpenoids have been shown to act as allelopathic agents in many different plants, and in some cases these isoprenoid compounds can affect plants of the same species. Continue reading “Allelopathic Terpenes and Terpenoids”

Synergy, Entourage Effect, and Polypharmacology Explained – Terp Talk

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In this video, Russ Hudson talks about synergy in cannabis, and how this concept differs from “the entourage effect,” and polypharmacology. Hudson reads directly from The Big Book of Terps, where the primary focus of this work is the synergistic effects observed and theorized between terpenes and terpenoids, flavonoids, and cannabinoids.

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What is the difference between flavonoids and terpenes? Terp Talk

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Russ Hudson describes the primary differences between flavonoids and terpenes – the differences we as humans can detect in the real world, not the chemical or molecular differences. Hudson reads directly from The Big Book of Terps, and can send you a signed hardcover copy of the book if you email him at russ@thebigbookofterps.com Continue reading “What is the difference between flavonoids and terpenes? Terp Talk”

How do Humans Perceive Terpenes? Terp Talk

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In this video, Russ Hudson reads a passage from The Big Book of Terps that describes exactly how humans perceive these volatile molecules through olfactory receptors. This passage describes this process using the monocyclic monoterpene, Limonene, as a precise example. A related quote from Dr. Ethan Russo – the world’s leading researcher on the Entourage Effect – is also read. Continue reading “How do Humans Perceive Terpenes? Terp Talk”

Putting the ‘oid’ in Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Cannabinoids

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The ‘oid’ in terpenoids, flavonoids, and cannabinoids has deliberate meaning that imparts specific scientific information about the phytochemical in question. Learning what this ‘oid’ ending means can help to automatically determine several details about a molecule. In most cases, flavonoids and cannabinoids will naturally end in ‘oid,’ but the terpene family of hydrocarbons often don’t and have clear distinctions between terpenes and terpenoids. The details below will explain not only why this distinction occurs, but also how to use this information to make determinations about a particular constituent in cannabis. Continue reading “Putting the ‘oid’ in Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Cannabinoids”

GIFs – Top Ten Flavonoids in Cannabis (Molecules)

This post features GIFs of the Top 10 Flavonoids in Cannabis, showing the entire rotating molecule of each.  This ranking of the top 10 flavonoids in cannabis is based on laboratory tests of various strains, and is arranged by concentration from primary to secondary flavonoid constituents. These include flavonoids found in many plants around the world, as well as three flavonoids – the cannflavins – that to date have only been found in cannabis. Continue reading “GIFs – Top Ten Flavonoids in Cannabis (Molecules)”

Microorganisms Trained to Poop Terpenes

Scientists have “trained” some microorganisms to poop terpenes, including many of the most common terpenes normally found in cannabis.  These microorganisms include bacteria, fungi, algae, and even cutworm larvae, but E. coli is the champion of biotransformation, with scientists engineering these common bacteria to produce several different monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes as “waste” products.  However, although this may sound weird and surprising to some, this isn’t a new technology; researchers have been working on these projects for decades. Continue reading “Microorganisms Trained to Poop Terpenes”

Terpenes: The Most-Spoken Language in the World

Move over, English; Terpenes are by far the world’s biggest communication medium.  Used by plants, insects, fungi, and bacteria to communicate and interact with the world, terpenes are a type of language that can be easily understood across species and kingdoms.  In fact, if you were to lump all the man-made languages of earth together, the language of terpenes would still dwarf this collection.  The following article is an excerpt from The Big Book of Terps, by Russ Hudson Continue reading “Terpenes: The Most-Spoken Language in the World”

Terpene-Powered Cars on the Horizon

A growing body of research indicates that the fuel of the future may be terpenes.  Already tested in internal and external combustion engines, turbocharged engines, as jet fuel, and as octane boosters, a group of 7 terpenes – all of which are common in cannabis – have shown real promise that petroleum-based fuels could eventually be replaced by these natural, renewable compounds.  This article supports the idea that, one day soon, we might burn more terpenes in our cars than we do in our bongs.  Continue reading “Terpene-Powered Cars on the Horizon”

Terpenes Preserved for Millions of Years in Underwater Wood

In a natural testament to the stability of some terpenes, scientists have yielded a monoterpenoid and a sesquiterpene from ancient conifer trees that had been submerged for millions of years.  Both of these terpenes were found in unaltered condition, although tests showed that other, more volatile monoterpenes did not fare as well in the anerobic underwater environment. Continue reading “Terpenes Preserved for Millions of Years in Underwater Wood”